Four wheel drive (4WD)

Engine power can be delivered to all front and rear wheels for maximum traction.

4WD is useful when extra traction is required on road, such as, when driving on slippery, muddy, wet, or snow-covered roads. These vehicles are not designed for challenging off-road use. Occasional off-road use such as established unpaved roads and trails are OK. It is always important when traveling off-highway that the driver carefully reduces the speed to a level that does not exceed the safe operating speed for those conditions.

In general, off-road conditions provide less traction and braking effectiveness than normal road conditions. The driver must be especially alert to avoid driving on slopes which tilt the vehicle to either side.

These factors must be carefully considered when driving off-road. Keeping the vehicle in contact with the driving surface and under control in these conditions is always the driver's responsibility for the safety of him/herself and his or her passengers.

WARNING - Off road driving This vehicle is designed primarily for on road use although it can operate effectively off road. However, it was not designed to drive in challenging off-road conditions. Driving in conditions that exceed the vehicle's intended design or the driver's experience level may result in severe injury or death.

WARNING
If the 4WD system warning light ( ) illuminates, this indicates that there is a malfunction in the 4WD system.

If this occurs, have your vehicle checked by an authorized KIA deader as soon as possible.

Tight corner brake effect

CAUTION - 4WD
When turning sharply on a paved road at low speed while in fourwheel drive, steering control will be difficult.

Tight corner brake effect is a unique characteristic of four-wheel drive vehicles caused by the difference in tire rotation at the four wheels and the zero-degree alignment of the front wheels and suspension.

Sharp turns at low speeds should be carried out with caution.

NOTICE


NOTICE
• When driving on normal roads, deactivate the 4WD LOCK mode by pushing the 4WD LOCK button (the indicator light goes off). Driving on normal roads with 4WD LOCK mode (especially, when cornering) may cause mechanical noise or vibration.

The noise and vibration will disappear when the 4WD LOCK mode is deactivated. Some parts of the power train may be damaged by prolonged driving with the noise and vibration.

• When the 4WD LOCK mode is deactivated, a shock may be felt as the drive power is delivered entirely to the front wheels.

This shock is not a mechanical failure.

For safe four-wheel drive operation

WARNING - Four-wheel
driving
The conditions of on-road or offroad that demand four-wheel drive mean all functions of your vehicle are exposed to extreme stress than under normal road conditions. Slow down and be ready for changes in the composition and traction of the surface under your tires. If you have any doubt about the safety of the conditions you are facing, stop and consider the best way to proceed.

Do not exceed the ability of yourself or your vehicle to operate safely.

• Do not try to drive in deep standing water or mud since such conditions can stall your engine and clog your exhaust pipes. Do not drive down steep hills since it requires extreme skill to maintain control of the vehicle.

• When you are driving up or down hills


• When you are driving up or down hills drive as straight as possible. Use extreme caution in going up or down steep hills, since you may flip your vehicle over depending on the grade, terrain and water/mud conditions.

WARNING - Hills


WARNING - Hills
Driving across the contour of steep hills can be extremely dangerous.

This danger can come from slight changes in the wheel angle which can destabilize the vehicle or, even if the vehicle is maintaining stability under power, it can lose that stability if the vehicle stops its forward motion. Your vehicle may roll over without warning and without time for you to correct a mistake that could cause serious injury or death.

• You must consciously take the effort to learn how to corner in a 4WD vehicle.

Do not rely on your experience in conventional 2WD vehicles in choosing safe cornering speed in 4WD mode.

For starters, you must drive more slowly in 4WD.

• Drive carefully off-road because your vehicle may be damaged by rocks or roots of trees. Become familiar with the off-road conditions where you are going to drive before you begin driving.

WARNING - 4WD
Reduce speed when you turn corners.

The center of gravity of 4WD vehicles is higher than that of conventional 2WD vehicles, making
them more likely to roll over when you turn corners too fast.

WARNING - Steering


WARNING - Steering
wheel
Do not grab the inside of the steering wheel when you are driving offroad.

You may hurt your arm by a sudden steering maneuver or from steering wheel rebound due to impact with objects on the ground.

You could lose control of the steering wheel.

• Always hold the steering wheel firmly when you are driving off-road.

• Make sure all passengers are wearing seat belts.

WARNING - Wind danger If you are driving in heavy wind, the vehicle's higher center of gravity decreases your steering control capacity and requires you to drive more slowly.

• If you need to drive in the water, stop your vehicle, set your transfer to the 4WD LOCK mode and drive at less than 8 km/h (5 mph).

WARNING - Driving
through water
Drive slowly. If you are driving too fast in water, the water can get into the engine compartment and wet the ignition system, causing your vehicle to suddenly stop. If this happens and your vehicle is in a tilted position, your vehicle may roll over.

NOTICE
• Do not drive in water if the level is higher than the bottom of the vehicle.

• Check your brake condition once you are out of mud or water. Press the brake pedal several times as you move slowly until you feel normal braking forces return.

• Shorten your scheduled maintenance interval if you drive in off-road conditions such as sand, mud or water.

Always wash your vehicle thoroughly after off road use, especially cleaning the bottom of the vehicle.

• Since the driving torque is always applied to the 4 wheels the performance of the 4WD vehicle is greatly affected by the condition of the tires.

Be sure to equip the vehicle with four tires of the same size and type.

• A full time four wheel drive vehicle cannot be towed by an ordinary tow truck. Make sure that the vehicle is placed on a flat bed truck for moving.

WARNING - 4WD driving • Avoid high cornering speed.

• Do not make quick steering wheel movements, such as sharp lane changes or fast, sharp turns.

• The risk of rollover is greatly increased if you lose control of your vehicle at high speed.

• In a collision, an unbelted person is significantly more likely to die compared to a person wearing a seat belt.

• Loss of control often occurs if two or more wheels drop off the roadway and the driver over steers to re-enter the roadway. In the event your vehicle leaves the roadway, do not steer sharply.

Instead, slow down before pulling back into the travel lanes.

CAUTION - Mud or snow If one of the front or rear wheels begins to spin in mud, snow, etc.

the vehicle can sometimes be driven out by depressing the accelerator pedal further; however avoid running the engine continuously at high rpm because doing so could damage the 4WD system.

WARNING - Jacked vehicle While the full-time 4WD vehicle is being raised on a jack, never start the engine or cause the tires to rotate.

There is the danger that rotating tires touching the ground could cause the vehicle to go off the jack and to jump forward.

• Full-time 4WD vehicles must be tested on a special four wheel chassis dynamometer.

NOTICE
Never engage the parking brake while performing these tests.

• A full-time 4WD vehicle should not be tested on a 2WD roll tester. If a 2WD roll tester must be used, perform the following:

1. Check the tire pressures recommended


1. Check the tire pressures recommended for your vehicle.

2. Place the front wheels on the roll tester for a speedometer test as shown in the illustration.

3. Release the parking brake.

4. Place the rear wheels on the temporary free roller as shown in the illustration.

WARNING - Dynamometer testing
Keep away from the front of the vehicle while the vehicle is in gear on the dynamometer. This is very dangerous as the vehicle can jump forward and cause serious injury or death.

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